Exhibitions

Longhua Martyrs Memorial Museum covers an area of about 6,000 square meters on two floors. The main display "Ode to the Heroes -- Shanghai Heroes Memorial Display" consists of eight parts. Taking "City nurtures heroes, spirit inspires future generations" as the theme, aiming"to tell heroic stories in history, publicize heroic spirits of heroes", the exhibition boasts more than 1,500 photos, more than 400 pieces of real objects, more than 100 pieces of art such as oil paintings, traditional Chinese paintings, mother-of-pearl paintings, copper plates, lacquer mounds and glass carvings. Using all these collections, together with the assistance of advanced technologies, life stories of 257 heroes are displayed to the public.

Preface Hall(Illuminating the Temple of Faith)

The first dynamic sculpture multimedia music exhibition in China is displayed. In the big screen on the ceiling, dark clouds are dense and lightning is ferocious; in the surging music, three groups of sculptures respectively symbolizing "the motherland is supreme, selfless dedication, and determined innovation" are slowly gathered, symbolizing the cohesion of Longhua spirit; the spiritual light breaks through the rule of darkness, and the peach blossom all over the sky blows away the dark clouds and lightning on the screen…

Part 1  Call of the Firm Belief

Since the Opium War in 1840, the Chinese nation had suffered from internal revolt and foreign invasion. Though patriots with lofty ideals had kept searching for a road to save the country, their unyielding efforts, typified by the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement from 1851 to 1864, the Wuxu Reform Movement in 1898, and the 1911 Revolution (Chinese bourgeois democratic revolution) led by Sun Yat-sen, had all failed. The year of 1919 witnessed the breakout of the May Fourth Movement, when the intellectuals, holding up the banner of science and democracy, began to deliberate on the fate and future of China from the perspective of Marxism.

Shanghai was the pivotal city with the densest population of the working class in China. With the popularization of Marxism in China, the early-stage communist organization was established in Shanghai in June 1920, which soon became the communication centre for Chinese communists to prepare for the founding of the communist party. July 1921 witnessed the birth of the Communist Party of China (CPC), while the 2nd National Congress of CPC had put forward and approved a democratic revolutionary programme against imperialism and feudalism. The concerted efforts in the first and second national congresses of CPC lead to the completion of the founding of CPC.

Part 2  Perseverance in Fulfulling Historical Mission

The 3rd National Congress of CPC convened in June 1923 resolved that CPC members should join Kuomintang in their personal names, which greatly accelerated the cooperation between KMT and CPC. The 4th National Congress of CPC convened in January 1925 proposed the leadership of Chinese proletariat in the workers and peasants’ revolution and the alliance between workers and peasants. Soon afterwards, CPC led the May 30th Movement in Shanghai, which sounded the prelude to the first great revolution in China. Through its leadership in the Movement, CPC had tempered and developed itself, with its members reaching over 10 thousand at the end of 1925 from over 900 at the beginning of that year. In March 1927, the 3rd Shanghai Workers’ Armed Uprising won a great victory, which led to the establishment of civil government under the leadership of the working class, leaving a glorious page in the history of China’s labor movement.

Part 3  Adherence to Our Belief

After the failure of the first grand revolution, the revolutionary situation in China was at low ebb. The CPC timely summarized the experiences and lessons, and began to hold up the banner of independent revolution and continued its struggle against imperialism and feudalism. During this period in Shanghai, the CPC Central Committee and CPC Jiangsu Provincial Committee led a series of extremely hard and extraordinary revolutionary movements and sustained many ordeals, and a number of CPC members and revolutionaries devoted their lives to the exploration of a revolutionary road suitable for China.

In addition, since October 1927, cultural figures from all over China had begun converging on Shanghai. Under the leadership of the CPC, they inherited the spirit of the May 4th Movement, organized social institutions, actively popularized Marxism and progressive ideas, repeatedly defeated KMT’s cultural besieging, and cultivated a new field of left-wing liberal arts and social sciences.

Part 4  Mainstay of the Chinese Nation

On January 28th, 1932 and August 13th, 1937, the two astounding Songhu Campaigns in China’s anti-Japanese war history broke out. The patriotic soldiers faced death calmly and fought courageously in the blood-drenched campaigns, while people of all trades united together to fight their common enemies. Numerous heroes swarmed up in such campaigns as Baoshan Defense and Sihang Warehouse Defense. In particular, the August 13th battle which lasted for about 3 months defeated Japanese army’s ambition to perish China quickly and greatly encouraged the morale of the Chinese nation.

During the anti-Japanese war, CPC, through its political views and model actions, united the mass people and played a leading role. In this period, Shanghai people devoted every effort to support the anti-Japanese bases. Shanghai became an important front of the anti-Japanese war culture, the tie for connecting China with the anti-Fascist camp in the world, and the centre for anti-Japanese national salvation movement.

Part 5  Striving for Victory

After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, swept up with exaltation the Chinese people wished to achieve peace and democracy and to found a united, independent, free and prosperous new China. Representing the fundamental interest of the Chinese people, CPC made great efforts to fulfill the people’s wish. However, ignoring the people’s request and national interest, the KMT authorities insisted on dictatorship and waged civil war with the aid from the United States. Following the guideline of CPC Central Committee and CPC Shanghai Bureau, CPC Shanghai underground organization established the broadest patriotic democratic united front, waged a series of struggles against the KMT authorities, and gradually formed the “second front” which provided support to the people’s liberation war. From August 1948 on, under the leadership of CPC, Shanghai people waged a series of struggles, which provided significant support to the liberation of Shanghai by the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). On May the 27th, 1949, Shanghai was liberated.

Part 6  Pioneers of the Times

On October the 1st, 1949, the People’s Republic of China was founded, which signaled the start of a new historical era when the people, as the masters of the country, strive to construct the socialist new China.

During the early post-liberation stage, under the leadership of CPC Shanghai people adopted forceful measures to crack down financial speculation, unify financial and economic policies, and rectify social order, which helped quickly recover the economy. A batch of righteous men actively joined the Chinese People’s Volunteers and committed to the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea. In the socialist construction period, adhering to the principle of self-reliance and hard work, Shanghai people completed the preliminary work to make Shanghai into a comprehensive industrial base with a great diversity of trades and a proportionate ratio between light and heavy industries, and into a technological base with relatively complete technologies suitable to the request of economic development. A new national situation was formed that the whole country provided support to Shanghai while Shanghai served the whole country in return. In the new period of opening-up and reform, Shanghai people took the lead to forge ahead and made use of the new opportunity of Pudong development to readjust the industrial structure and accelerate infrastructure construction, thus enabling Shanghai to take on an entirely new look and gradually change into an internationally economic, financial, trade, and navigation center and an international metropolitan featuring socialist modernization. After the 18th National Congress of CPC, Shanghai people actively promote the construction of China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone, strive to make Shanghai into a scientific and technological innovation center with global influence, and strive to make Shanghai the pioneer of the opening-up and reform policy and the forerunner of the innovation and development cause.

Caudal Hall:Look Up

The achievement and Prospect of Yinglie and Shanghai in building a city of innovation, culture and ecology are shown through the ring screen film.