Longhua Martyr Cemetery of Shanghai

Longhua Martyr Cemetery is located in the ancient town of Longhua in the southwest of Shanghai, covering an area of 190,000 square meters. It was built in 1995 and is major historical and cultural sites protected at the national level, national key martyr memorial building protection unit, National Demonstration Bases for Patriotism Education and AAAA National Tourist Attraction.

In the cemetery, more than 1,700 revolutionary heroes are buried, including Luo Yinong, Zhao Shiyan, Chen Yannian, Chen Qiaonian, Su Zhaozheng, Peng Pai, Yang Yin and 24 martyrs of Longhua who were sacrificed collectively.

Longhua martyr cemetery is a martyr cemetery with novel design, grand scale and complete functions. It is an important base for patriotism education and socialist spiritual civilization construction. It is also one of the most representative red tourist resorts in China.

Longhua Martyrs Memorial Museum

Longhua Martyrs Memorial Museum covers an area of about 6,000 square meters on two floors. The main display "Ode to the Heroes -- Shanghai Heroes Memorial Display" consists of eight parts. Taking "City nurtures heroes, spirit inspires future generations" as the theme, aiming"to tell heroic stories in history, publicize heroic spirits of heroes", the exhibition boasts more than 1,500 photos, more than 400 pieces of real objects, more than 100 pieces of art such as oil paintings, traditional Chinese paintings, mother-of-pearl paintings, copper plates, lacquer mounds and glass carvings. Using all these collections, together with the assistance of advanced technologies, life stories of 257 heroes are displayed to the public.

Exhibitions

Preface Hall《Illuminating the Temple of Faith》

The first dynamic sculpture multimedia music exhibition in China is displayed. In the big screen on the ceiling, dark clouds are dense and lightning is ferocious; in the surging music, three groups of sculptures respectively symbolizing "the motherland is supreme, selfless dedication, and determined innovation" are slowly gathered, symbolizing the cohesion of Longhua spirit; the spiritual light breaks through the rule of darkness, and the peach blossom all over the sky blows away the dark clouds and lightning on the screen……

Part1  Call of the Firm Belief

Since the Opium War in 1840, the Chinese nation had suffered from internal revolt and foreign invasion. Though patriots with lofty ideals had kept searching for a road to save the country, their unyielding efforts, typified by the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement from 1851 to 1864, the Wuxu Reform Movement in 1898, and the 1911 Revolution (Chinese bourgeois democratic revolution) led by Sun Yat-sen, had all failed. The year of 1919 witnessed the breakout of the May Fourth Movement, when the intellectuals, holding up the banner of science and democracy, began to deliberate on the fate and future of China from the perspective of Marxism.

Part2  Perseverance in Fulfulling Historical Mission

The 3rd National Congress of CPC convened in June 1923 resolved that CPC members should join Kuomintang in their personal names, which greatly accelerated the cooperation between KMT and CPC. The 4th National Congress of CPC convened in January 1925 proposed the leadership of Chinese proletariat in the workers and peasants’ revolution and the alliance between workers and peasants. Soon afterwards, CPC led the May 30th Movement in Shanghai, which sounded the prelude to the first great revolution in China. Through its leadership in the Movement, CPC had tempered and developed itself, with its members reaching over 10 thousand at the end of 1925 from over 900 at the beginning of that year. In March 1927, the 3rd Shanghai Workers’ Armed Uprising won a great victory, which led to the establishment of civil government under the leadership of the working class, leaving a glorious page in the history of China’s labor movement.

Part3  Adherence to Our Belief

After the failure of the first grand revolution, the revolutionary situation in China was at low ebb. The CPC timely summarized the experiences and lessons, and began to hold up the banner of independent revolution and continued its struggle against imperialism and feudalism. During this period in Shanghai, the CPC Central Committee and CPC Jiangsu Provincial Committee led a series of extremely hard and extraordinary revolutionary movements and sustained many ordeals, and a number of CPC members and revolutionaries devoted their lives to the exploration of a revolutionary road suitable for China.

Part4  Mainstay of the Chinese Nation

On January 28th, 1932 and August 13th, 1937, the two astounding Songhu Campaigns in China’s anti-Japanese war history broke out. The patriotic soldiers faced death calmly and fought courageously in the blood-drenched campaigns, while people of all trades united together to fight their common enemies. Numerous heroes swarmed up in such campaigns as Baoshan Defense and Sihang Warehouse Defense. In particular, the August 13th battle which lasted for about 3 months defeated Japanese army’s ambition to perish China quickly and greatly encouraged the morale of the Chinese nation.

Part5  Striving for Victory

After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, swept up with exaltation the Chinese people wished to achieve peace and democracy and to found a united, independent, free and prosperous new China. Representing the fundamental interest of the Chinese people, CPC made great efforts to fulfill the people’s wish. However, ignoring the people’s request and national interest, the KMT authorities insisted on dictatorship and waged civil war with the aid from the United States. Following the guideline of CPC Central Committee and CPC Shanghai Bureau, CPC Shanghai underground organization established the broadest patriotic democratic united front, waged a series of struggles against the KMT authorities, and gradually formed the “second front” which provided support to the people’s liberation war. From August 1948 on, under the leadership of CPC, Shanghai people waged a series of struggles, which provided significant support to the liberation of Shanghai by the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). On May the 27th, 1949, Shanghai was liberated.

Part6  Pioneers of the Times

On October the 1st, 1949, the People’s Republic of China was founded, which signaled the start of a new historical era when the people, as the masters of the country, strive to construct the socialist new China.

Caudal Hall:Look Up

The achievement and Prospect of Yinglie and Shanghai in building a city of innovation, culture and ecology are shown through the ring screen film.

Martyrs

Jiang Guangci1901~1931

Jiang Guangci (1901-1931) was born in Huoqiu County, Anhui Province. He was enrolled in the Foreign Languages Society in 1920, later went to Moscow Oriental University for further study, and joined CPC in 1922. After coming back to China in 1924, he was appointed professor of Shanghai University and participated in the leadership of such organizations as the Sun Society and Spring Thunder Society. He was successively appointed editor-in-chief of such periodicals as Literature Special, The Sun Monthly and The Explorer, and wrote many works such as Russian Literature, A New Dream, The Young Rover, The Pants Party, and The Roaring Earth. In 1930 Jiang Guangci was elected alternate member of the Standing Committee of Chinese Left-wing Writers’ Alliance, and in 1931 died of disease in Shanghai.

Lin Yunan1898~1931

Lin Yunan (1898-1931) was born in Huanggang County, Hubei Province. He joined CPC in 1921, assumed the position of director of Wuhan Branch, China Labor Portfolio Secretariat in 1922, engaged in the organization of Beijing-Hankou railway workers strike in 1923. He successively assumed such positions as secretary general of Shanghai office of All-China Federation of Trade Unions and member of the Executive Committee of All-China Federation of Trade Unions. In 1928 Lin Yunan was elected secretary of CPC East Shanghai District Committee, in 1929 chaired the 5th National Labor Conference in Shanghai, and in 1930 was appointed secretary general of the Preparatory Committee of China Soviet Central Committee. He was an alternate member of the 5th session of CPC Central Committee. In January 1931, he was arrested at Dongfang Hotel.

Long Dadao1901~1931

Long Dadao (1901-1931), of the Dong nationality, was born in Jinping County, Guizhou Province. He was admitted to Shanghai University for study in 1922, joined CPC in 1923, and went to Moscow Oriental University for further study in 1924. After coming back to China in 1925, he successively assumed such positions as secretary of CPC West Shanghai Caojiadu Branch, and member of the presidium of Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions.

Wang Qingshi1907~1931

Wang Qingshi (1907-1931) was born in Huoqiu (now Jinzhai) County, Anhui Province. In his early years he studied in Peking University and Russian Special School of Law and Political Science, joined CPC in 1928, and shortly after was recruited to work in Weiming Society. From 1929 on, he successively assumed such positions as secretary of Beijing Municipal Committee of Chinese Communist Youth League, secretary of CPC Shanxi Special Committee, and director of the Organization Department of CPC Shandong Provincial Committee. In January 1931, he was arrested at Dongfang Hotel.

Cai Bingyan1902~1937

Cai Bingyan (1902-1937) was born in Hefei, Anhui Province. He graduated from the 1st session of Whampoa Military Academy, and participated in the Northern Expedition in 1926. In 1937 he was appointed commander of Brigade 201, Division 67 of KMT land force. After the August 13th Songhu Campaign broke out, he led his troops to counter-attack the enemies at Luodian, and died in the front on the 26th of August.

Peng Pai1896~1929

Peng Pai (1896-1929) was born in Haifeng County, Guangdong Province. He studied in Japan in his early years, joined CPC in 1924, and founded Guangzhou Peasants’ Movement Institute in the same year. In 1927, Peng Pai participated in Nanchang Uprising as a member of the CPC Front Committee, later led Haifeng Peasants’ Armed Uprising and founded Haifeng-Lufeng Workers and Peasants’ Government. In 1928 he was appointed secretary of the Agricultural Commission of CPC Central Committee, member of the Military Commission of CPC Central Committee and concurrently secretary of the Military Commission of CPC Jiangsu Provincial Committee. He was elected member of the 5th and 6th sessions of CPC Central Committee, member of the interim Political Bureau of CPC Central Committee at the August 7th Conference, and alternate member and later member of the 6th session of the Political Bureau of CPC Central Committee.